Coastal Oceanography

What controls the exchange of waters between estuaries and the coastal ocean?

How do winds, waves, tides and river runoff affect these exchanges?

How do coastal and estuarine circulation affect the transport of sediments, oxygen, nutrients, fish and invertebrate larvae, pH, and pollutants?

How is climate change impacting the dynamics of coastal ecosystems.

As a student of Physical Oceanography who also studies Costal Oceanography I am interested in waves and how they interact with the coastline.

Becoming an oceanographer

Oceanographers use science and mathematics to study the interactions between oceans, continents, the atmosphere, and the biosphere. Oceanographer’s work is dedicated to understanding and predicting how oceans work, as well as how to best take advantage of the resources oceans provide us with. Becoming an oceanographer could be the right career choice for you if you’re interested in math and science, have a love for the environment, and enjoy research and hard work.

Decide what type of oceanographer you’d like to be so that you can study the right subjects and get the proper degrees in college. 

Once you’ve determined what kind of oceanographer you want to be, you’ll be able to choose specific majors and minors to get your degrees in. This decision will be an ongoing process that may change as you study for your Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees, but it’s important to know that there are different types of oceanographers who have different specialties before you start choosing college programs. Physical oceanographers study currents, waves, tides and ocean circulation. This type of oceanographer would typically get their Bachelor’s degree in physics. Chemical oceanographers determine the chemical composition of seawater and oceans. This type of oceanographer would typically get their Bachelor’s degree in chemistry. Biological oceanographers study how marine animals, plants, and organisms interact with their environment. This type of oceanographer would typically get their Bachelor’s degree in biology. Geological oceanographers examine the ocean floor, including rocks and minerals. This type of oceanographer would typically get their Bachelor’s degree in geology.

Go to college to get your undergraduate Bachelor’s degree.

Oceanographers usually get their Bachelor’s degrees majoring in biology, physics, chemistry, or geology. These majors will help prepare you for your Master’s studies. There are also some schools that offer undergraduate Bachelor’s degrees in marine biology, which is another option for your undergrad degree. Undergraduate education gives students the necessary knowledge and experience that is needed when pursuing advanced degrees in subjects related to oceanography.For your senior thesis, consider writing about an oceanography related topic.Find a mentor or advisor who works in oceanography or a related field who can write a good letter of recommendation for your graduate school. There are usually internships or assistant positions available for those who only have undergraduate degrees. To have a career as an oceanographer, students must pursue a Master’s and Ph.D. level education. Bachelor’s degrees focus on general areas of study. You’ll be able to study specific oceanography sciences when you return to school for your Master’s degree and Ph.D.

Attend a graduate school to get your Master’s degree. Oceanographers always have a postgraduate Master’s degree in their field of interest. Going to school for your Master’s degree will allow you to focus on the particular kind of oceanography that you’re interested in.

Get your Ph.D. in Oceanography

Most oceanographers attend school until they have a Ph.D. in their field of oceanography. Schools that offer advanced degrees in oceanography are often equipped with the best faculty, resources, facilities, and training possible. Most of these schools are also located in the best locations to study oceanography – along coasts.

Thius listing rates the est schools to student Oceanography

Working as an Oceanographer

  1. Find an internship. Many organizations and schools offer internships to those who are either in school for oceanography, or have earned degrees in oceanography. Getting an internship provides you with hands-on experience, and is a great way to familiarize yourself with different elements of oceanography. Having numerous internships throughout your academic career will give you a better chance of landing a good job in oceanography after you’ve finished school. School advisors and mentors can help you locate good internships. For this reason, it helps for you to develop relationships with your teachers and school faculty.
  2. Look for an assistant or technical position. Having a Bachelor’s of Science degree will typically enable you to work as a research assistant or as a computer technician within your desired field. After you’ve gotten your Bachelor’s degree, apply for research assistant jobs, or any other support position jobs, while you go back to school for your advanced degrees. This will allow you to keep learning while also making money. You can usually find these jobs at colleges and universities or research companies and facilities. Mentors and teachers can usually help you find actual jobs in addition to internships.
  3. Get a job as an oceanographer. There are numerous organizations that need a special skill sets and vast knowledge of oceanographers. Some oceanographers will work strictly for science and research organisations, and others will apply their skills to different types of corporations. For example, an oceanographer could be hired by an oil company to help determine the best location to place an underwater pipeline. Many different types of companies and organization hire oceanographers, including Colleges and universities Environmental and engineering consulting firmsFederal government laboratoriesMarine science institutionsMarine transport companies national Defense Research (NDR) establishments Private corporations, like oil and gas companiesPrivate research institutions

Adobe Flash Player 13 Beta Now Available for Download

Adobe has just rolled out a new beta version of Flash Player that allows users to try out the feature lineup that’ll be soon integrated into the application a lot earlier.

Adobe Flash Player 13.0 beta comes with supplementary characters enhancement support for TextField, as well as with full screen video message tweaks to customize the notification appearing on your monitors when watching a clip in full screen.

Of course, don’t forget that this release is still a beta build, so a number of bugs might still be experienced. Still, it’s a good chance for users to try out the next version of the app,  so download Adobe Flash Player Beta right now to see what it brings new.

New and Updated Features

  • Enhanced Supplementary Character Support for TextField

Characters from the Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) with Unicode code points between U+10000 and U+10FFFF nowl work correctly in T

extField controls. This change greatly enlarges the code point range we support, and now includes characters like emoticons and

complex CCJK characters.

  • Relocated Full Screen Video Warning to Top of Screen

We have made a small tweak to the “Press Esc to exit full screen mode” warning that is displayed for full screen video. We’ve received a

lot of feedback from developers because the dialog obscures content, and we wanted to make a change that both satisfies security

concerns and customer viewing enjoyment. To reduce the impact of the dialog on the on-screen content, we’ve moved the dialog to the

top of the screen.

  • New Stage3D Texture Wrapping Modes

Developers can currently set the wrapping mode of a texture to either clamp or repeat. Using the repeat option will repeat the texture on

both the U and V axis. However, in some use cases, you may only want to repeat the texture on either the u or v axis.

This is now possible with the introduction of two new parameters:


  • Stage3D Anti-Aliasing for Texture Rendering

Anti-Aliasing is a useful for improving perceived image quality. Hardware based Multisampling Anti-Aliasing (MSAA) is now available on

all desktop platforms. To enable MSAA, set the level from 0 to 4 using the new Context3D.setRenderToTexture() method.0 = 1 subsamp

le, no antialiasing

• 1 = 2 subsamples , minimal antialiasing

• 2 = 4 subsamples , medium high-quality antialiasing

• 3 = 8 subsamples , high-quality antialiasing

• 4 = 16 subsamples , very high-quality antialiasing

Is a Graphic Design Degree Worth It?

After weeks, months or even years of deliberation, you’ve finally decided to follow your dream of becoming a graphic designer. Many people spend their whole lives working an ordinary job, so the fact that you’ve chosen to pursue your dream job is an accomplishment in and of itself.

The next logical step is to plan out your path to success. During this planning process, nearly every graphic design hopeful has asked the same question: Is a graphic design degree worth it?

For many professions, acquiring a formal education is non-negotiable. For example, a pilot or an orthopedic surgeon doesn’t have the option to bypass the formal instructions or teach themselves the tricks of the trade.

But as an aspiring graphic designer, you need to decide if you want to earn a degree or be a self-taught designer. It’s a difficult choice to make because there is no clear-cut answer. Both types of designers have found success in the industry.

Is a graphic design degree necessary? No. There are plenty of YouTube tutorials and step-by-step articles that can help introduce you to the industry and walk you through basic skills training. But is a graphic design degree worth it? If you aspire to make a splash in the industry, the answer is yes!

The benefits of earning a graphic design degree

While it may seem quick and easy to jump right in and learn as you go, there are clear benefits that come with taking the time to earn a graphic design degree. From the knowledge and instruction you receive while in school to the opportunities available to you after graduation, the advantages are abundant.

You will likely have more job opportunities after graduation

graphic-design-job-openings-with-degreeNo matter what the profession, one of the biggest concerns anyone has when pursuing a new career is whether or not they’ll be able to find a job. As you leave behind one job, you want to be confident there will be one waiting for you on the other side.

One of the most important things you can do to increase your employment potential is earn a graphic design degree. Often this is the first thing a hiring manager looks for when considering a design candidate.

While anyone can learn the basics of design software, a degree shows an employer that you’re serious enough to invest in your personal development. Without even seeing your portfolio, having a degree listed on your resume demonstrates your self-worth and commitment to evolve as a graphic designer.

In fact, many hiring managers won’t even consider hiring a designer unless he or she has earned a degree. An analysis of more than 15,000 graphic design jobs posted throughout the past year showed that 82 percent preferred candidates to have a bachelor’s degree.*

The chart illustrates the number of job opportunities for graphic designers with a bachelor’s degree versus those without a degree. You’ll see that earning a bachelor’s degree would qualify you for more than 13,000 more graphic design jobs than an individual with no degree.

This means graphic design degree holders are eligible for nine times more jobs than those without a degree. Who doesn’t like those odds?

You can earn more money

We’ve all heard the saying: Money can’t buy happiness. But there are plenty of things that money can buy, such as your son’s braces, your monthly gym membership and your never-ending grocery list.

Let’s face it, you’d be lying if you said you couldn’t use a higher salary. You’ll be happy to hear that not only does a degree qualify you for more jobs, it can also help you earn more money!

Across most industries, it’s a generally accepted fact that the more education you obtain, the more money you’ll earn. Research has found that bachelor’s degree recipients earn nearly $1 million more in their lifetime than those with a high school diploma.

But have you ever seen a study focused exclusively on the graphic design industry?

The annual salary range for all graphic design specialists is roughly $38,000 to $61,000 according to By acquiring a graphic design degree, you can make nearly $10,000 more per year than if you had no college experience. Just imagine what you could do with that extra money in your pocket!

Understanding the theory of graphic design will make you more marketable

“Graphic design is so much more than just slapping some pictures and words together,” A formal education provides you with all of the tools you need to become a well-rounded professional and succeed in the industry.

It’s relatively common these days for inexperienced users to call themselves “graphic designers” after picking up a few tricks in Photoshop. But in reality, graphic design is more than just mastering the software. You should be trained not only in the technical skills, but also in the theory, history and traditions of the industry.

For instance, did you know that different colors trigger emotional reactions in people? Blue is seen as reliable and trustworthy, while yellow symbolizes happiness and positive energy. The study of color theory helps designers pinpoint the precise messages they wish to convey to their audience.

This is just one example of the invaluable knowledge you’d gain in school that cannot be learned in a Photoshop tutorial. A true designer can explain not only how they did something, but why they did it.

You can develop your skills and portfolio under expert direction

Another perk of earning a graphic design degree is that you have the unique opportunity to sharpen your skills alongside industry experts. Most graphic design programs employ faculty members who have years of experience under their belt.

Watching YouTube videos at home can’t compare to the priceless, hands-on instruction you could receive from an expert mentor. Their coaching goes so much deeper than just the content of the courses.

As a graphic design student, you’d also have the opportunity to build your portfolio alongside a seasoned professional. After receiving constant advice and feedback on your work, you can be confident that you’ll graduate with a professional portfolio.

The answer is clear…

While it is possible to launch your design career with no formal education, a graphic design degree will give you a head start towards becoming a true professional in the industry. Although pursuing a degree may delay your design career a bit, it could end up taking your career to a whole new level.

After learning the facts and hearing the benefits firsthand from other designers, you can be confident that going back to school can help you set the stage for a long, successful career.

So is a graphic design degree worth it? You decide!

Jelly Bean Update for Samsung S III

It looks like Android Jelly Bean will finally be hitting one of the most prolific phones in the United States. Samsung has finally acknowledged that a Jelly Bean update is on its way to U.S. Galaxy S3s.

A Samsung update page lists the Jelly Bean update as “Coming Soon!” for AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, T-Mobile, and U.S. Cellular. These are the five carriers that offer the Samsung Galaxy S3 in the United States.

Leaked ROMS of the Jelly Bean update have been available for a while, but for those who wouldn’t like to void their phone, this is good news.

Official Android 4.1 Jelly Bean updates have started rolling out internationally around a  week ago. The first (and only country so far) to receive it has been Poland. More will follow, and it’s a good bet that Galaxy S3 owners worldwide will all have the Jelly Bean update by the end of the year.

For a real-time updated list check out YouMobile.

Android 4.1 Jelly Bean is not a complete overhaul to Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich, but it offers some noticeable improvements. Jelly Bean will introduce a smoother interface without the stutters that often plague Ice Cream Sandwich, and a Siri-like voice assistant dubbed Google Now.

Samsung is also planning on updating its other popular phones such as the Galaxy S2 and the Galaxy Note. Samsung recently listed 16 devices, including a few tablets that will receive an Android 4.1 Jelly Bean update. Samsung’s Galaxy Note 2 will ship with Android 4.1 Jelly Bean right out of the box.

Developing AIR for Android using Flash CS5

The next meeting for the Hawaii Flash User Group will be held on February 22 nd, 2011 at the University of Hawai`i at Mānoa in the Human Nutrition, Food & Animal Sciences Building. The address is  1955 East-West Road · Honolulu, HI 96822 and the event will be held in  Room 202


New to mobile development? Wondering how mobile applications are built? This presentation will walk you the entire development process of the AIR for Android application from design to deployment. Chris Griffith will show you how he designed and built the application using a variety of tools and techniques.


Chris Griffith is a Staff Engineer in the User Experience group at Qualcomm, Inc. He has over 15 years experience in developing a wide range of prototypes for a variety of clients. He currently works with the full spectrum of the Flash Platform from mobile devices to web/desktop.

He is also an Adobe Community Professional and is presently the co-manager of the San Diego Flash User Group and the Flash Catalyst Community Lead for Adobe Systems, Inc. He also has been involved with the National Science Foundation’s National Science Digital Library project. Recently he has developed several iPhone applications and Android application. He also writes for and O’Reilly’s InsideRIA. When he is not coding, he is either spending time with his family or out kayaking.
[Opinions and thoughts that are my own and that are not necessarily shared by the company that I work for.]

twitter: @chrisgriffith

This meeting will be hosted on-line as well.

The Connect URL is

To RSVP for  the meeting, please view on Adobe Groups Site

if you missed the meeting, here are the slides & the URL for the recording

Meeting Recording

It is best to save the pdf slides(right click save as) as they take a while to load

My Intro Slides

Chris’s Talk

OOP and Flash

The next Hawaii Flash User Group meeting will be on OOP in Flash.

What is OOP?

OOP stands for Object-Oriented Programming. When you are coding big projects you will have hundreds (even thousands) of lines of code and it can get very unorganized. This is where OOP comes in. You can make classes, which are external .as files (ActionScript files) and import them into your project. You can then use the methods and properties in that class.
Also, instead of having to write the same code over and over again you could make a class containing that code. Then whenever that code is needed instead of having to write it all you can just call it from the class.

Continue reading OOP and Flash

Flash Tent

Adobe did not want us using the name “Flash Camp” with our meeting, so we are now calling it Flash tent,

This be a  great free flash event flash tent will take place on Dec. 4, 2011. The meeting will be both in person& on-line.

Flashtent is a free on-line event that we will be hosted by John Barrett (HFUG) and Ben Fhala  from EverythingFlash.

The goal of this camp is to have a  6 hour day was to cover the topic of Flash in a Mobile age.  We got the best speakers in the industry and asked them some really great questions(with your help that is) as we had an open mic/twitter/facebook feed throughout the day. The day covered topics ranging from Mobile AIR, Mobile Design principles, 3D, a bit on HTML5 and the future of flash.

The event will cover

[box] Mobile, AIR, Gaming, FDT 5, Away 3D[/box]

Speakers include

[box] Dee Sadler, David Gamez, Chris Griffith, James Wagstaff, Alan Klement[/box]

This will be a great event, and is on-line & free! There will also be open mic sessions where we can talk about anything on your mind about flash and where the platform is going.

All in all this will be a great event not to miss, find out more & RSVP at –

Flash Camp Hawaii

The Hawaii Flash User Group is putting together a flash camp here in honolulu. The date of the camp is August 29th.

The first Flash Camp Hawai’i this August 29th will be your chance to see what the Flash platform has to offer, and why you will want to use it. This is a full day of offerings by an international team of experts on

  • Away 3D Broomstick
  • Illustrator for HTML5
  • Flash Programming
  • Flash for Mobile and OOP for Flash.

The day sums up with “25 years in 60 minutes”. Talks are on site with two virtual presentations.  Cost: An unbelievable $45 including continental breakfast and lunch. Each participants gets a copy of FDT 4 Pure ($129 street price).

Location:  Pacific Beach Hotel at Waikiki.
To find out more visit the websiteat:

You can buy tickets at an unbelievable price of $45.00 here: