Hurricanes to grow more destructive as oceans warm, study warns

This year’s ferocious Atlantic hurricane season will be the rule — not the exception — if climate change-driven ocean warming continues unabated.

And that also goes for the Pacific Ocean and the waters surrounding Hawaii, says Tim Li, atmospheric sciences professor at the University of Hawaii.

Li is a lead author of a new study that suggests we face a world of larger and more destructive hurricanes as our oceans rise in temperature under the influence of global warming.

Li, who works at UH’s International Pacific Research Center, collaborated with colleagues in China affiliated with the Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology and the National University of Defense Technology in Nanjing.

The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, examined the question: What is the impact of ocean warming on the size and destructiveness of tropical cyclones?

The study’s conclusion: As sea surface temperatures get hotter, tropical cyclones will not only become more intense — unleashing stronger winds — but will blast gale-force gusts over a much wider area.

Results from the team’s modeling found that tropical storms will be 30 percent larger as the ocean warms by only 1 degree Celsius, or 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit. Under at least one scenario, that could happen as soon as 20 to 30 years from now.

Using both long-term and short-term climate simulations, the researchers found that for every degree Celsius increase of sea surface temperature, the destructive potential of tropical storms increases by 340 percent in the western North Pacific and 150 percent in the North Atlantic.

While the study focused on only two ocean regions, Li said he would expect to see similar results for the Central Pacific.

Li said this year’s Atlantic hurricane season, with its monster storms that terrorized Houston, Florida and Puerto Rico, is a taste of what can be expected if global warming continues.

First, Harvey slammed Texas with more than 50 inches of rain. Then Irma devastated the Florida Keys and the west coast of Florida. Finally, Maria left a path of destruction in the Caribbean after blowing up from a tropical storm to a Category 5 hurricane in just two days.

While a number of previous studies found that tropical cyclone intensity, or wind speed, increases with warmer oceans, Li said the research ignored storm size.

What determines the size of a hurricane?

“We’re not really sure,” the researcher said. “On the other hand, storms in the western North Pacific are generally larger in size, and the sea surface temperatures are generally warmer.”

Sea surface temperatures are known to have risen by about 2 degrees Fahrenheit in the last century. What’s more, the temperature of the ocean’s surface has been consistently higher during the past three decades than at any other time since reliable observations began in 1880, according to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency data.

How can we avoid a new norm of massive storms with their heightened threat to people and natural ecosystems?

Reduce greenhouse gases, Li said flatly, to help stem the momentum of climate change.

The effort may have greater implications for Hawaii. In 2010, Li led a team of researchers in a global warming study that predicted a shift in the location of tropical cyclones from the Western Pacific to the Central Pacific.

The study indicated that tropical cyclone genesis would double in the Central Pacific in 30 to 40 years amid weakening tradewinds and wind shear caused by climate change. The conditions would “pose a great threat to millions of people living in Hawaii and Central Pacific islands.”

As for his latest work, Li noted that the results might be model-dependent, so further modeling is necessary to confirm the results.

Li said the research group plans to take into account other natural forces and projected sea surface temperature patterns around the world in future research.

10 Amazing Benefits of Walking

Since moving back to the North Shore of Hawaii, I started walking at least 2-3 miles a day, sometimes more. I have noticed my fibromyalgia has gone away, my blood glucose ready are great usually about 130. Also my sleeping has been great! Read below for 10 reasons why you should be walking too!

Walking is not only the simplest form of exercise that almost everyone can do, it’s also a free activity that can aid in weight loss and maintenance. But walking’s benefits go even further — here are 10 more reasons to start, or keep, walking:

Walking for exercise may become increasingly important as we age and our risk for brain disorders increases. It can even help reverse the effects of aging. Incorporating specific mind-enhancing moves into your workout — such as moving in certain patterns with coordinated arm movements — can also boost the brain benefits of walking.

Walking can help strengthen bones and reduce your risk of osteoporosis. Other forms of vigorous exercise such as running, jumping and weightlifting offer bone-strengthening benefits, the good news is that walking appears to do the same. That’s great news for those just starting a workout routine, people who must complete low-impact exercise due to joint issues and, of course, anyone who loves walking.

Having a rough day? Walk it off. Walking for exercise with improved mood and reduced stress levels. And it’s even better if you can take a stroll through nature — walking outdoors near greenery has been shown to help reduce feelings of frustration and may even help put your brain into a state of meditation.

Regular physical activity like walking is great for your heart. It enhances your circulation, helping to lower blood pressure and reduce your risk of stroke. And it doesn’t take much to reap the benefits: Walking briskly for just 30 minutes a day is enough to improve heart health.

Stepping out on a regular basis could help prevent the trips and falls that can occur as we age. Balance loss and weak muscles in the shins can cause a shuffling gait that can put you at a higher risk of tripping or falling. Regular walks can help improve balance by strengthening the lower body.

Having a hard time remembering where your keys are? Walking regularly appears to help specifically bolster the hippocampus, the part of the brain involved in verbal memory and learning. In fact age-related memory decline was lower in those who walked more.

Walking most days of the week may help lessen pain and reduce symptoms for those with conditions such as arthritis and fibromyalgia. The moderate, low-impact nature of walking is enough to lower pain and improve function for most.

Walking can help improve your blood glucose levels at any time of the day or night but perhaps even more so right after a meal. A brief 15-minute walk after a meal is as effective at lowering blood sugar levels in 24 hours as a longer 45-minute walk.

Stay healthy with daily steps. A walk every day may even help your body fend off illness better. Regular exercise can also contribute to maintaining a healthy weight, which helps reduce your risk of diseases such as cancer and Type 2 diabetes.

Walking may help you fall asleep faster and sleep more soundly, especially if you suffer from insomnia. A morning walk outdoors may be particularly beneficial since exposure to daylight can help you stay in tune with your natural circadian rhythms.

Flash Player 26

In today’s release, we’ve updated Flash Player with important bug fixes and security updates.  Current Flash Player customers who have selected the “Allow Adobe to install updates (recommended)” update mechanism will be automatically updated to the latest version of Flash Player over the next 24 hours.

The most recent Flash Player security bulletin can be found here: Security Bulletin (APSB17-23)

Features for Flash Player 26:

D2D Vector Printing Support
This feature brings back vector printing in Microsoft Edge in Windows 10 and Immersive IE in Windows 8 in “Out of Process” mode.  This feature will not only enhance the speed of printing but also reduce the data size input.  Initially, a mixed way to print (GDI Vector + D2D Bitmap) has been used in ActiveX Windows 8.1 and above.  Now Vector printing will be done through D2D APIs in Windows 8.1 and Windows 10.  There is no difference in the Actionscript API’s.

For complete information please see our release notes.

Fixed Issues

  • FileReference size and creationDate throws IO Error (FP-4198482)
  • Multiple security and functional fixes

Known Issues

  • 2.5D rotation: rotationX and rotationY rendering issues (FP-4198483)
  • Current Flash Player users who have enrolled in the “Allow Adobe to install updates (recommended)” update mechanism will be automatically updated to Flash Player 26 over the next 24 hours.
  • Users who have selected “Notify me to install updates” will receive an update notification dialog within 7 days from today.  Please note that Windows users will need to restart their system or log out and in to activate the update notification dialog.
  • Customers using Google Chrome will receive updates through the Google update mechanisms.  Please note that this release is not available for ActiveX Flash Player on Windows 8.1 and Windows 10.
  • If you would like to install the update immediately, please use one of the links below:


  • Flash Player 26 Windows for Internet Explorer – ActiveX:

Flash Player 26 Windows for Firefox and other Netscape Compatible Browsers – NPAPI:

Flash Player 26 Windows for Opera and Chromium Based Browsers – PPAPI:

Flash Player 26 Windows for Google Chrome – PPAPI:

Flash Player 26 for Internet Explorer on Windows 8.1 (64-bit machine):

Flash Player 26 for Internet Explorer on Windows 8.1 (32-bit machine):

Flash Player 26 Windows for Internet Explorer and Edge on Windows 10 – ActiveX:


Flash Player 26 Mac for Safari, Firefox and other Netscape Compatible Browsers – NPAPI:

Flash Player 26 Mac for Opera and Chromium Based Browsers – PPAPI:

Flash Player 26 Mac for Google Chrome – PPAPI:

Flash Player 25 desktop for Linux (NPAPI):

Flash Player 25 desktop for Linux Chromium (PPAPI):

No More Smoking!

I Stopping Smoking , it’s been 1 week 😏

I need to quite smoking ASAP! I have quite smoking in the past, but I always seem to come back to smoking cigarettes when I get depressed. This time I have the “North Shore” Surfing, and free diving for motivation! I have the will power to do this, and I will quite on August 1st, 2017 no matter what it takes! I really need to do this as step #1 for my training for surfing the North Shore this Fall. Surf session is about 60 days away.

By training for surfing the North Shore as I once did in the past I will need to breathe at an opportune rate. By stopping smoking not only will I be able to breathe better, my energy will increase, stress will decrease,  and I will be able to paddle better. Besides, stopping smoking, I will be walking (and then running) lots of swimming in the ocean. In which I will not be satisfied until I can swim a mile without exerting my energy, will practice paddling long distances, and of course concreting on Nutrition. Nothing is more important to me than to be ready for the North-West shells this Fall/Winter!

Yes this will all not be easy, especially stopping smoking, but I WILL do it! Listed below are some of the benefits of me quitting smoking:

Quitting smoking will be great for my health. Over time it lowers your risk for smoking-related diseases and can add years to your life.  My father had COPD, and other relatives has heart troubles, which is all from smoking!

(1) Increased Lung Power

In 2 to 3 months the lung function improves. Other health benefits include less chance of developing emphysema later in life and in ten years, the risk of lung cancer is half that of a smoker.

(3) Decreased Cancer Risks

Most everyone knows smoking increases your chances of lung cancer. But smoking also increases your risk for cancer of the stomach, mouth, throat, kidney, cervix, pancreas and bladder. 10 years after quitting the lung cancer death rate is about half that of a smoker’s. The risk of cancers of the mouth, throat, esophagus, bladder, kidney, and pancreas decreases.

(4) Live Longer

People who quit smoking live longer than those who smoke, because quitting reduces the risk of dying from specific smoking-related diseases. According to the American Cancer Society, people who quit smoking before age 50 have one-half the risk of dying in the next 15 years compared with people who continue to smoke.

(5) A Strong Heart

20 minutes after quitting the heart rate drops back down to normal. In just 2 weeks to 3 months the heart attack risk begins to drop, and the lung function begins to improve. In a year, the risk of coronary heart disease is half that of a smoker. And the heart keeps on getting healthier. In 15 years, your risk of heart disease is the same as that of a nonsmoker.

(6) A Quiet’s Night’s Sleep

Smoking could be the reason I am tossing and turning at night. Smoking irritates the membranes in the nose and throat which can block the airways and cause snoring.

(7) Freedom

Think about it. Once you’re no longer tied to your smoking habit, you’ll feel a sense of freedom – no more sneaking outside to grab a quick smoke. You can breathe easier and enjoy your newfound freedom from smoking.This Quit Smoking Timeline will give you a better sense of just how good being a nonsmoker will be for your body and your mind.

The Science Of Sunrises

Why does the sun rise in the east? For some people this may be the “duh” question of the article but perhaps not. I think people clearly know that the sun rises in the east but may not actually think about why. It is simply related to the rotation of the Earth. The Earth is spinning on its axis, and it spins toward the east. At the equator, the earth is spinning at a rate of roughly 1037 mph. Because, the Earth’s equatorial bulging, it is really more of an oblate spheriod than a sphere. This also affects the rotation rate, which decreases by the cosine of latitude. For example, if you live at a latitude of 45 degrees, the cosine of that value is .707. If you multiply .707 x 1037 mph, someone at a latitude of 45 degrees is spinning at 733 mph.

Changes in Earth's spin axis.

Why does a sunrise sky have its orange-reddish color? To answer this question, we have to define “scattering.” Small particles, droplets or molecules in our atmosphere can cause light to change directions. This is called scattering. There are different types of scattering including Mie, Rayleigh, Tyndall, Brillouin, and Raman. The two most common to meteorological processes are Rayleigh (scattering particle is small relative to the wavelength of light) and Mie (scattering spherical particle is about the same size as the wavelenth) scattering.

When the sun is low on the horizon during sunrises and sunsets, the sunlight travels through more of the atmosphere. Shorter wavelength colors (blues and violets) get scattered out. This leaves more of the longer wavelength colors like yellow, orange, and red. This is why sunrises often take on such colors. When the sun is higher in the sky, smaller particles Rayleigh scatter much of the blue wavelength, which is why the sky appears blue. The human eye is more sensitive to blue than violet otherwise our characteristic blue sky might be violet.

Sun at low horizon. Source: S. Corfidi and NOAA.

Doesn’t dust or pollution brighten the colors? The notion that dust and air pollution brighten sunrises and sunsets is a myth. In fact, they have the opposite effect. As Dr. Stephen Corfidi writes in an excellent essay on this topic,

Typical pollution droplets such as those found in urban smog or summertime haze are on the order of .5 to 1 um in diameter. Particles this large are not good Rayleigh scatterers as they are comparable in size to the wavelength of visible light (Mie scatterers if spherical). If the particles are of uniform size, they might impart a reddish or bluish cast to the sky, or result in an odd-colored sun or moon (it is this effect that accounts for the infrequent observation of “blue suns” or “blue moons” near erupting volcanoes). Because pollution aerosols normally exist in a wide range of sizes, however, the overall scattering they produce is not strongly wavelength-dependent. As a result, hazy daytime skies, instead of being bright blue, appear grayish or even white. Similarly, the vibrant oranges and reds of “clean” sunsets give way to pale yellows and pinks when dust and haze fill the air.

Corfidi also points out that pollutants also enhance light modification at low sun angles. This causes a reduction in the total light reaching our eyes and the overall brilliance of the sunrise.

Do clouds hurt sunrise or sunset views? According to Corfidi’s essay, some clouds are preferable for the best views.

Clouds catch the last red-orange rays of the setting sun and the first light of the dawn like a theatre screen, and reflect this light to the ground.

The best sunrises and sunsets seem to be associated with middle to high clouds rather than lower level clouds. Higher clouds receive sunlight that has not been altered by attenuation at lower levels. If you have a satellite dish for TV service as I do, attenuation is what happens when you lose the signal during rain.


The difference between object-oriented languages is that instead of saying


You say


The syntactic difference is trivial, but it provides a tool for following good software engineering practice. You want to decrease the former, and increase the latter. It says that f “belongs to” a, along with the other features of a. And by isolating other details about a, you’ve reduced coupling to b, c, and d.

That’s what object-orientation “really” is. You shift focus from the function f to the object a.

That doesn’t necessarily require classes. Many OO languages use classes as a way of describing the features of a, but they’re not required. You can simply promise, “a is the thing that does f”, and that’s all. ActionScript 3.0 is the most prominent example of a non-class-based support for object orientation.

Adobe Flash Player 26.00.137

Download The Latest Flash Player version

Adobe Flash Player is the high-performance, lightweight, highly expressive application runtime that provides uncompromised viewing of expressive applications, content, and videos across browsers, mobile phones, devices and operating systems. Deliver more engaging user experiences with the Adobe Flash Player runtime through support for native 64-bit operating systems and browsers, accelerated graphics rendering, asynchronous bitmap decoding, high-resolution bitmap support, and more. Take advantage of a host of new features in the Adobe Flash Player runtime that streamline the development process, improve performance, enable greater security and privacy control, and allow delivery of richer apps to a broader spectrum of devices.

Adobe Flash Player Top features:
• Stage 3D accelerated graphics rendering
Explore a new architecture for high-performance 2D/3D GPU hardware accelerated graphics rendering by Adobe, which provides low-level Stage3D APIs for advanced rendering in apps and gives framework developers classes of interactive experiences.
• Native 64-bit support
Flash Player can now take advantage of native support for 64-bit operating systems and 64-bit web browsers on Linux, Mac OS, and Windows.
• H.264/AVC software encoding for cameras
Stream beautiful video from your computer’s camera with higher compression efficiency and industry-wide support, enabling both high-quality real-time communications (such as video chat and video conferencing) and live video broadcasts.
• Protected HTTP Dynamic Streaming (HDS)
Protect streaming video across devices without the complexity of a license server.
• Content protection support for mobile
Flash Access content protection support is now available on Android devices. Broadcasters can now reach and monetize an even broader range of customers on their favorite mobile device.

Key benefits of the Adobe Flash Player desktop include:
* Stage 3D Accelerated Graphics Rendering: Deliver cutting edge 2D and 3D experiences on the desktop.
* Native 64-bit support: Support for 64-bit operating systems and browsers on Linux, Mac OS, and Windows.
* G.711 audio compression for telephony: Integrate real-time voice and telephony capabilities into business apps and integrate with existing phone systems using the G.711 codec.
* H.264/AVC SW Encoding: Create apps that encode higher quality video locally using the efficient H.264 video standard.
* Socket Progress Events: Improve management of data transfer, track progress, and provide responsive feedback in apps send large amounts of data.
* JPEG-XR support: Take advantage of support for the advanced JPEG-XR image compression format to deliver higher quality images with less bandwidth, and leverage lossy and lossless compression with alpha channel transparency.

Facts About the Dangers of Dog Poop

Dog poop is a problem we deal with on a daily basis. But is it dangerous? How much do you know? Is pet waste a health hazard?

Here are the dangerous facts:

1. Dog poop is NOT good fertilizer. It’s toxic to your lawn! The high nutrient concentration in dog poop will burn and discolor the grass, creating “hot spots”.

2. Nearly two decades ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classified pet waste as a dangerous pollutant in the same category as toxic chemicals and oil.

3. You may not live near water, but unscooped poop from your yard is carried by overland water flow or is washed into storm drains, ending up in far away streams, rivers and ground water.

4. The U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirms pet waste can spread parasites including hookworms, ringworms, tapeworms and Salmonella. When infected dog poop comes into contact with your lawn, the poop will eventually “disappear”, but the parasite eggs can linger for years! When a human or animal comes into contact with that soil through everyday activities like walking barefoot, gardening or playing, they risk infection from those eggs … even years after the poop is gone.

5. Pet waste is teaming with E. Coli and other harmful bacteria including fecal coliform bacteria, which causes serious kidney disorders, intestinal illness, cramps and diarrhea in humans. (There are 23 million fecal coliform bacteria in a single gram of pet waste!)

6. Dog poop often contains roundworm larvae, which cause blindness. If a human ingests a roundworm larva, it can migrate through the body causing disease to the brain, lungs, kidneys, liver, heart or eyes. So when people (especially children) touch soil, dog toys or anything that has been in contact with dog feces and then touch their mouths, they can become infected.

Dog poop doesn’t just “wash away” or disappear. So if you’re not disposing of your dog’s waste, you’re putting yourself, your family, your dog and your water supply at risk.

Why do ocean waves create foam while breaking?

It is due to the presence of dissolved organic matter in ocean water, which comes from the remnants of algal blooms. When breaking waves churn the water, intense turbulence and mixing makes this dissolved matter to act like foaming agents, trapping the atmospheric air. This creates air bubbles on the water surface, which stick to each other due to surface tension, giving rise to foam.